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Understanding Your PSA Score


What is a PSA Test?

A PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test is a screening tool used to determine whether or not an investigation for prostate cancer is needed.

It is also used to monitor your general prostate health over time.


PSA Test for Detecting Prostate Cancer

PSA in the serum of men with healthy prostates is present in small quantities but is often elevated in the presence of prostate cancer or other prostate disorders such as prostatitis or benign prostatic hyperplasia. There can also be other reasons why your PSA level may be raised, due to things like a urine infection or age-related reasons.

Your doctor will usually see a PSA reading of 3 or more as a sign for further investigation. Men who have a higher risk of prostate cancer may be asked to have further investigations even if their reading is lower than this.

Men are at higher risk of prostate cancer if:

  • There is a family history of prostate cancer
  • They are of Black ethnic origin
  • They are overweight

In the UK, men with a raised PSA will usually undergo a DRE (digital rectal exam) test to check for any obvious abnormalities and will be offered an MRI scan of their prostate gland. In many cases they will also have a biopsy of their prostate gland.


PSA Tests for Ongoing Monitoring

If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer and are on the Active Surveillance protocol you will be having regular PSA blood tests to monitor the PSA levels in your blood. This will usually be in combination with other tests to assess the progress of your cancer.

You will also likely be having regular PSA blood test if you have already had treatment for prostate cancer, to assess if the cancer has returned or increased.

If you are unsure what the best options are for treating your prostate cancer, and are having regular PSA blood tests, we are here to help with confidential advice.

Get In Touch

As a group of consultants we are passionate about prostate cancer sufferers knowing about all of their treatment options.

We know that settling on the right treatment is a big decision for you. If you would like to speak to one of our friendly and knowledgeable patient advocates about your diagnosis and the HIFU Focal Therapy treatment option then please do not hesitate to get in touch today.

All enquiries to The Focal Therapy Clinic are confidential, and we are delighted to offer our advice and support with no obligation.