Prostate cancer is among the most common forms of cancer, and is the most common form of cancer found in men after skin cancer. While some prostate cancers confine themselves to the prostate gland, other types of prostate cancer can grow aggressively and need decisive treatment.
The earlier the cancer is detected, the better the chances are of the treatment being successful.
What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
During the early stages of prostate cancer, many men will not experience any symptoms; therefore, a raised PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) is often the first indication of suspicion.
Since the prostate gland is located so close to the bladder and urethra, urinary symptoms are quite common symptoms of prostate cancer, primarily in the early stages. Depending on the size and location of the tumour, you may notice changes in the flow of urine.
There are a number of quite common prostate symptoms which can indicate an increased risk of a prostate cancer diagnosis:
- Increased frequency of urination
- Increased urgency in the need to urinate
- Weakened or interrupted flow
- Straining to urinate
- Erectile difficulty
- Painful ejaculation
- Blood in urine or semen
If the cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland, your symptoms can also include the following:
- Change in bowel habits
- Unexplained weight loss
- Swelling or fluid buildup in the legs or feet
- Numbness or pain in the hips, legs or feet
- Persistent bone pain which may lead to fractures
These symptoms can be caused by prostate conditions other than cancer, such as BPH or an enlarged prostate.
What to Do if You Think You Have Prostate Cancer
It is vital if you are experiencing these symptoms to speak with a doctor and have a thorough check-up to determine the underlying causes. Your physician will want to know how long and how often you have experienced these symptoms to help with your diagnosis.
Part of this check-up will include a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test to see whether there are elevated PSA levels in your blood.
Elevated PSA levels can be a sign of prostate cancer; however, it can also be a sign of many other, non-cancerous conditions, such as an enlarged prostate (BPH), prostatitis or a urinary infection, so further investigations would be needed to determine if you have prostate cancer.
In the UK, men with a raised PSA, typically above 4, will be offered an MRI scan of their prostate gland.
Knowing when symptoms are signs of prostate cancer takes specialized training and experience. The Focal Therapy is unique in our ability to diagnose and treat prostate cancer using minimally invasive High Intensity Focused Ultrasound rather than prostatectomy or radiotherapy.
Read more about investigation leading to diagnosis at the Diagnosis and Early Detection page.
As a group of consultants we are passionate about prostate cancer sufferers knowing about all of their treatment options.
We know that settling on the right treatment is a big decision for you. If you would like to speak to one of our friendly and knowledgeable patient advocates about your diagnosis and the HIFU Focal Therapy treatment option then please do not hesitate to get in touch today.
All enquiries to The Focal Therapy Clinic are confidential, and we are delighted to offer our advice and support with no obligation.